|There are quite a number of mythical or supernatural beings used as inspiration and/or symbols in Gothic literature and art. Much of this comes from Christian/Hebrew religion/folklore. Here's a list of some of them: |
Angels are common to Zoroastian, Hebrew, Christian, and Islamic religions. Basically an angel is the messenger / functionary of God. Because each of the above is essentially monotheist, each has angels which act as an intermediary between God and humankind. There are numerous kinds and divisions of angels, which vary depending upon religion and interpretation.
Traditionally angels have been depicted with feathered wings.
This is by convention only, and indicates that they are higher (and thereby closer) to God. The image of Angels in western art has been heavily influenced by the Greco / Roman figures of Nike, Hermes, Iris, Eros, and others.
Some more widely known types of angels are: Cherubim, Seraphim, Gregori and Hafaza.
Fallen Angels. Those angels who followed Satan in his rebellion against God, and when defeated, fell with him into the dreadful darkness of hell. In general Devils are depicted differently from angels in that their winds (if any) are not bird , but bat looking. They also tend to look grotesque rather than serene.
FairiesA wide variety of supernatural beings that help or harm humankind. Some fairies are earth and wood spirits embodying a locale, others a mischievous entities that like playing jokes on people. Fairies should not be confused with either Angels or Devils, as their wings are insect-like, instead of bird- or bat- like.
The Genius (or Juno) is a Greco/Roman figure that equates to the Christian concept of a guardian or guiding spirit. The head of the house or family was said to have a genius (if male) or Juno (if female) that was the embodiment of their higher self, appetites and desires. Genii also exist for palaces, homes, associations, guilds and the Roman state itself.
A cemetery-infesting demon. Ghouls prefer to eat the dead, though they may appear as merely human throughout the day.
The Hebrew name for the Watchers -- a group of angels sent to Earth to give instruction to mortals on nature and other knowledge. Some of the watchers fell into sin, became enamoured of those they were sent to instruct, and begat the Nephilim.
An Islamic equivalent to Devils. Made two thousand years before Adam, they occupied a high place in paradise along side the angels. After God made Adam, they refused to bow down before the mortal, and were cast out of heaven for this offence. Iblis, one of the jinn, is the equivalent of Satan.
The Hebrew name for the offspring of human women and the Grigori. They became troublesome figures of mischief until all but wiped out in the Flood.
- A bloodsucking ghost or reanimated body of a dead person, believed to come from the grave and wander about by night sucking the blood of persons asleep.
- Fundamentally a parasitic force or being, malevolent and self-seeking by nature, whose paramount desire is to absorb the life-force or to ingest the vital fluids of a living organism in order to sate its perverse hunger and to perpetuate its unnatural existence.
A kind of lycanthrope found throughout the world, but causing particular alarm in Europe, where some thirty thousand cases were reported between 1520 and 1630.
A body that has a kind of life restored to it by magical means, or a living person under the complete control of a magician. Zombies differ from vampires in that they do not require blood, are mute, and are not necessarily well preserved. Zombies also have no self-will of their own, and do the bidding of others.